India has efficiently achieved the whole phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon: HCFC-141b, which is a chemical utilized by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of essentially the most potent ozone depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) . HCFC-141b is used primarily as a blowing agent within the manufacturing of inflexible polyurethane (PU) foams.
India has consciously chosen a path for setting pleasant and power environment friendly applied sciences whereas phasing out Ozone Depleting Substances (ODSs). Importantly, India is one among the many few nations globally and a pioneer in some instances within the use of applied sciences, that are non-Ozone Depleting and have a low World Warming Potential (GWP).
India had proactively and efficiently taken the problem of full phase out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon: HCFC-141b, which is a chemical utilized by foam manufacturing enterprises by 1.1.2020. On 31 December, 2019, as half of the Authorities’s dedication for transferring in the direction of setting pleasant applied sciences, in a big first, the Ministry of Surroundings, Forest and Local weather Change (MoEFCC) introduced out a notification within the Gazette of India by way of which the issuance of import license for HCFC-141b is prohibited from 1st January, 2020 beneath Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Management) Modification Guidelines, 2019 issued beneath the Surroundings (Safety) Act, 1986.
HCFC-141b is just not produced within the nation and all of the home necessities are met by way of imports. With this notification, prohibiting the import of HCFC-141b, the nation has utterly phased out the vital ozone depleting chemical. Concurrently, the use of HCFC-141 B by foam manufacturing business has additionally been closed as on 1st January, 2020 beneath the Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation and Management) Modification Guidelines, 2014.
Practically, 50 % of the consumption of ozone depleting chemical compounds within the nation was attributable to HCFC-141b within the foam sector. The Ministry adopted a structured method to interact with foam manufacturing enterprises for offering technical and monetary help so as to transition to non-ODS and low GWP applied sciences beneath HCFC Phase out Administration Plan (HPMP). Round 175 foam manufacturing enterprises have been coated beneath HPMP out of which, 163 enterprises are coated beneath stage II of HPMP. The entire phase out of HCFC-141b from the nation in foam sector is among the many first at this scale in Article 5 events (creating nations) beneath the Montreal Protocol. The implementation of HPMP by way of regulatory and coverage actions, implementation of expertise conversion tasks has eliminated round 7800 Metric Tonnes of HCFC-141b from the baseline stage of 2009 and 2010 of the nation.
The phase out of HCFC-141b from the nation has twin environmental advantages viz.
- Aiding the therapeutic of the stratospheric ozone layer, and
- In direction of the local weather change mitigation on account of transitioning of foam manufacturing enterprises at this scale beneath HPMP to low international warming potential various applied sciences.
The polyurethane foam sector has hyperlinks with vital financial sectors associated to buildings, chilly storages and chilly chain infrastructure, cars, industrial refrigeration, home home equipment reminiscent of fridges, water geysers, thermo ware, workplace and home furnishings functions, particular excessive worth area of interest functions and many others. In India, the froth manufacturing sector is combine of massive, medium and small enterprises having various capacities, with preponderance of MSMEs. Many of the MSMEs function largely within the casual sector.
To make sure minimal dislocation within the sector and for enhancing the capacities of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in changing to low-GWP non-ODS applied sciences, coaching and consciousness programmes on non ODS and low GWP alternate options to HCFCs together with adoption of such alternate options have been organized in shut collaboration with Trade and MSMEs may even be facilitated for sufficient tie-ups with system homes, laboratories for getting their materials examined, and many others, along with organizing examine excursions, subject visits, and many others.
Noting the challenges, the Ozone Cell, MoEF&CC entered right into a MOA with the Central Institute of Plastics Engineering & Expertise, Division of Chemical substances &Petrochemicals to facilitate and hand-holding foam manufacturing enterprises. Transitioning to non HCFC and low GWP alternate options. As half of help made out there to the enterprises expertise workshops, subject trials, on-site demonstration and assist, sensible palms on coaching and product validation are being offered. Already enterprises assisted for stabilizing various applied sciences have been capable of transfer in the direction of adoption of alternate options at industrial scale.